Shivnarine Chanderpaul top scored with 46 - but four wickets from Tim Linley helped Surrey dismiss Derbyshire for 219 on Day One at the Kia Oval.
Shivnarine Chanderpaul - who struck six fours in his 74-ball innings - and Paul Borrington (32) shared a 49-run partnership to help their side recover from a slow start in London.
The visitors, however, lost regular wickets in the final two sessions and, despite a defiant 37 from Tom Poynton, were all out just before stumps. Surrey navigated the final four overs and will resume Day Two trailing by 211 runs with 10 wickets still in hand.
Chris Tremlett removed Ben Slater (4) with the fourth ball of the day, before Wayne Madsen (11) slapped a wide delivery from George Edwards to Zafar Ansari at backward point to reduce the visitors to 39-2 in the 19th over.
Chanderpaul and Borrington, however, shared a stubborn 49-run stand to ensure honours were even at lunch with the visitors 75-2.
Borrington produced a patient innings adding 32 runs off 107 balls – including three fours – but he was out shortly after the break, caught at first slip by Gareth Batty off Edwards.
Partner Chanderpaul followed when his 74-ball knock was also ended by Edwards who trapped the West Indies international lbw for 46.
Richard Johnson (23) and Alex Hughes (16) both added useful contributions, but two quick wickets once again stalled the visitors’ recovery. And when Peter Burgoyne (5) was trapped lbw by Batty, Derbyshire looked to be in trouble on 162-7.
Some late runs, however, from Poynton – who hit five fours – and David Wainwright (17 not out) moved the visitors past 200, before Tim Linley claimed the last three wickets to dismiss Derbyshire for 219.
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